Archive for December 11th, 2007



BALI (INDONESIA), Dec. 10, 2007 Environmental groups at the United
Nations climate talks in Bali today urged governments to reject a new
World Bank initiative promoting the inclusion of forests in carbon

The World Bank initiative, known as the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
(FCPF) is set to be launched on Tuesday 11th December in Bali as part of
the discussions on Reducing Emissions through Deforestation in Developing
countriesÂ’ (REDD).

The initiative, which would allow tropical forests to be included in
carbon offsetting schemes, fails to combat climate change, the groups
said, because it allows industrialised countries and companies to buy
their way out of emissions’ reductions.

Between 18-20 percent of annual global carbon emissions are caused by
deforestation, and Indonesia is the world’s third largest greenhouse gas
emitter as a result of deforestation.

The World Bank has a particularly appalling track record in relation to
funding forests and carbon projects, not least because it provides
substantial funding to oil, gas and mining projects; and as a broker, has
a vested interest in promoting carbon trading.

Its planned Forest Carbon Partnership Facility would have serious negative
social and environmental impacts, the groups said.

Torry Kuswardhono, Energy Campaigner at Friends of the Earth Indonesia
(WALHI): said:

“Carbon offsetting is extremely unfair. Forests provide livelihoods for
over one billion Indigenous and other forests peoples. Wealthy companies
and countries are able to buy the right to continue to pollute, while poor
communities in developing countries can find themselves locked into
unfavourable, long-term commercial contracts over forest management”.

Sandy Gauntlett, Pacific focal point of the Global Forest Coalition and
chairman of the Pacific Indigenous Peoples Environment Coalition said:

“Indigenous Peoples and local communities will bear the real costs of
forest-related climate mitigation projects based on carbon finance because
they will increase the pressure on their lands and territories and
undermine land rights claims. With this proposal, the World Bank is
violating the principle of Prior Informed Consent, which is enshrined in
the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous Peoples
should not just be consulted on this facility. Without their full and
prior informed consent this facility should be disbanded.”

World Rainforest Movement spokesperson Ana Filipini said :

“Carbon finance mechanisms in developing countries result in forests being
transferred or sold off to large corporations who hope to acquire
profitable Â’carbon creditsÂ’ associated with those forests at some point in
the future. The current proposals are set to reward logging and palm oil
corporations and countries with high deforestation rates whilst
undermining Indigenous Peoples’ and other forest-dependent communities’
rights, in particular those of women.”

Some of the genuine and urgent measures needed to address the
deforestation problem include:

1) Giving the highest priority to halting the development, production and
trade of agrofuels, and suspend all targets and other incentives,
including subsidies, carbon offsets and public and private finance related
to the development and production of agrofuels.

2) Keeping tropical forests out of carbon finance mechanisms, which are
unpredictable, inequitable and discourage the reduction of emissions at
source. This includes keeping forests out of the Clean Development
Mechanism and all carbon trading initiatives; and rejecting the World
BankÂ’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).

3) Redirect the very substantial amounts of public funds, tax exemptions
and other forms of subsidies currently provided to the fossil fuel and
agrofuels industries, into avoided deforestation assistance funds, the
effective promotion of public transport and the development of solar,
wind, geothermal, wave and energy efficiency industries.

4) Strengthen weak forest conservation policies and institutions,
encouraging bans or moratoria on industrial logging and forest
conversion, and addressing corruption and lack of enforcement.



Joseph Zacune, Friends of the Earth International climate coordinator,
Indonesian mobile number +62.813.3896995 (dec 1-14 only)

Sandy Gauntlett, Oceania focal point, Global Forest Coalition and
chairperson of the Pacific Indigenous Peoples Environment Coalition, +62-
813-38938574 or email

Torry Kuswardhono, Energy Campaigner, Friends of the Earth Indonesia
(WALHI): +62- 811383270 or email

Fay, media officer, WALHI (Friends of the Earth Indonesia) , Indonesian
mobile number +62 815 8070717

EJCC Media Team photos taken during action yesterday:


[photos by Jihan Gearon]


Happy Birthday, Kyoto!


by Tony C. Anderson (from Bali)



Today, as a side event at the UN Climate Change Conference in Bali, Indonesia (COP-13) Greenpeace’s Solar Generation with the assistance of the Japanese delegation took a brief moment to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the creation of the Kyoto Protocol. The multiple layered chocolate cake was a welcomed sidebar to the hectic and often frenzied workday of the giant climate conference.

Ten years ago today, 11 December 1997, the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement to address climate disruption, was developed in Kyoto, Japan during the UN Climate Change Conference (COP-3) as the world’s first international agreement that set binding targets for the reduction of greenhouse- gas emissions by industrialized countries. After going into effect on 16 February 2005 approximately 141 countries ratified the treaty leaving Australia and the United States as the only developed nations not to join the world’s major climate mitigating scheme.

Most recently, the newly elected government of Australia ratified Kyoto, leaving America as the sole nation not to do so. According to the international treaty, the emissions reduction target for the U.S. was only a mere 7% below 1990 levels by 2012. Today, the COP-13 International Youth Delegation (a group of 200 or so young people from around the world here in Bail) supports reducing US emissions reduction by 80% by 2050. With less than 5% of the world’s population, the US produces approximately 25 % of the world’s global warming pollutants.

So the question remains, has the US grown ANY in the past 10 years? What, specifically, will the US do in the next 4 years and beyond to mitigate it’s share of contributions to global climate change? [The Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012.]


Will the moral imperative be made plain that we must do more? I guess we’ll just have to see…


(…and here’s the birthday video I just made- )



[“mmmhh, cake and justice.”—editor’s note]

December 2007
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